Psyllium seeds are Agri-Farm product of the dried ripe seeds of Plantago ovata forks (family: Plantaginaceae) and it has been cleaned, and free of all heavy and light extraneous matter (such as sand, dust, stones, iron particles, mud and other fibers) (USP Monographs: Plantago Seeds, 2007).
It a low herbaceous annual plant native to Iran and India, extensively cultivated there and in other countries, including Pakistan (WHO, 1999).
Psyllium seeds are broadly elliptical to ovate, boat-shaped, from 2 to 3.5 mm in length and from 1 to 1.5 mm in width. It is pale brown to moderate brown with a dull surface, the convex surface having a small, elongated, glossy brown spot. The concave surface has a deep cavity, in the centre of the base of which occurs a hilum covered with a thin membrane (WHO, 1999).
|Property||Psyllium Seeds||Psyllium Seed Powder|
|Color||Light brown to moderate brown||Light brown to moderate brown|
|Odor||Faint, characteristic||Faint, characteristic|
|Taste||Bland, mucilaginous||Bland, mucilaginous|
|Particle Size||NMT5.0 %||20-120 mesh (As per requirements)|
|Moisture (loss or drying)||NMT 12.0 %||NMT 12.0 %|
|Total Ash||NMT 4.0 %||NMT 4.0 %|
|Acid Insoluble Ash||NMT 1.0%||NMT 1.0%|
|Foreign Organic Matter||NMT 0.5 %||NMT 0.5 %|
|Light Extraneous Matter||NMT 1%||NMT 30%|
|Purity||NLT 99%||NLT 70%|
|NMT-Not More Than, NLT-Not Less Than|