Psyllium Seeds

psyllium Seed

Psyllium seeds are Agri-Farm product of the dried ripe seeds of Plantago ovata forks (family: Plantaginaceae) and it has been cleaned, and free of all heavy and light extraneous matter (such as sand, dust, stones, iron particles, mud and other fibers) (USP Monographs: Plantago Seeds, 2007).

It a low herbaceous annual plant native to Iran and India, extensively cultivated there and in other countries, including Pakistan (WHO, 1999).

Psyllium seeds are broadly elliptical to ovate, boat-shaped, from 2 to 3.5 mm in length and from 1 to 1.5 mm in width. It is pale brown to moderate brown with a dull surface, the convex surface having a small, elongated, glossy brown spot. The concave surface has a deep cavity, in the centre of the base of which occurs a hilum covered with a thin membrane (WHO, 1999).

Technical Quality Specification (USP Monographs: Plantago Seeds, 2007)

Property Psyllium Seeds Psyllium Seed Powder
Color Light brown to moderate brown Light brown to moderate brown
Odor Faint, characteristic Faint, characteristic
Taste Bland, mucilaginous Bland, mucilaginous
Particle Size NMT5.0 % 20-120 mesh (As per requirements)
Moisture (loss or drying) NMT 12.0 % NMT 12.0 %
Total Ash NMT 4.0 % NMT 4.0 %
Acid Insoluble Ash NMT 1.0% NMT 1.0%
Foreign Organic Matter NMT 0.5 % NMT 0.5 %
Light Extraneous Matter NMT 1% NMT 30%
Purity NLT 99% NLT 70%
NMT-Not More Than, NLT-Not Less Than